The recorder is one of the most ancient woodwind instruments and has been played in this country since the Medieval period. The earliest surviving recorder in the world is thought to be a 14th century instrument currently located in Göttingen. Recorders normally have eight tone holes in all: seven on the front and one on the back.
Recorders are made in different sizes, with compasses corresponding to different vocal ranges. There are four main instruments in use today: the descant (lowest note c); treble (f), tenor (c), and bass (f). Sopranino (f) and great bass (c) instruments are also fairly common.
The Bate has several outstanding specimens in the collection, most notable are the treble and Bb descant by Pierre Jaillard (known as 'Peter Bressan'). More information on his 1720, treble recorder can be found here.